to 7000 BC Mesolithic culture, the Natufian, followed by Upper Paleolithic era A-17
7000 Syria had relationships with Jericho and Anatolia
5500 Widespread Neolithic pottery
3000 Early Bronze Age, Egyptian influences
2360 Sargon of Akkad took lands in northern Syria A-41
2140 Ruled under Third Dynasty of Ur
2100 Semitic Amorites from Arabian coast settled in Damascus
1900 Beginning of the Hurrian invasions
1800 Ruled under Hammurabi of Babylon?
1600 Aleppo conquered by Murshilish King of the Hitties
1400's Thutmosis III conquered Syria except for Carchemish and Aleppo, ruled by Mitannis A-41
Syria occupied by Canaanites, Amorites, Hurrians
1450 Damascus is under Egyptian rule
1410 Mitanni king Shutana gave his daughter, Gilhepa to Pharoah Amenophis III in marriage, receiving protection against Hittites
1375 Amorite king Abd-Ashirta and Hittiti king Shubbiluliu ended Egyptian rule in Syria
1350 Hittie rule despite Egyptian invasions, including Damascus
1300/4 Migration of Akhlamus (Arameans) into Mesopotamia and Syria
1315 Mu
1200 Great migration of Aegean Sea People.  Hittitie dynasty starts to fall
1283 Ramses II treaty with Hattushilish of the Hittities divided Syria between themselves at Eleutherus River as in the bible A-42
1198 Ramses II of Egypt conquered Damascus, ruled to 1167
1000 Earliest Aramean states were Zobah (Subatu) and Damascus
1020 King Aram Zobah in conflict of Saul of Israel
970 Aramean Dynasty started by Rezon in Damascus
Enemies of Solomon and David
869/878 Ben-Hadad fights Ahab of Israel in Samaria but joined forces to fight Shalmaneser III of Assyria A-44 A46
858-855 Shalmaneser III of Assyria against Aramean and Hittiti kings of Carchemish coalition and won
854 Battle of Qarqar, Ahab and Ben-Hadad end Shalmaneser's advance A-44
853 Aleppo ruled by Hittities conquered by Shalmaneser III of Assyria
842 Ben-Hadad murdered by commoner Hazael who takes the throne
800/3 Shalmaneser III of Assyria defeats Hazael who recovers and takes Transjordon, Philistia, controls Judah and Israel, died about 806
700/1 Joash of Isreal becomes overlord to Damascus
700/2 Rezin of Aman joins Pekah of Israel in a coalition against Assyria. Judah refuses to help, Israel declares against Judah who appeals to Assyria, Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria destroys Damascus and Israel
734 Pekah of Israel and Rezin of Arum, son of Ben-Hadad II enter a coalition against Assyria and do some damage to Tiglath-pileser III's lands.
Ahaz of Judah refused to help, Israel declares war on Judah, Ahaz asks Assyria for help
732 Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria destroys Damascus and Israel
Israel, Arum and Damascus become Assyrian provinces, ending the states of Aram and Damascus
717 Carchemish ruled by Hittities conquered by Sargon of Assyria
668 Ashurbanipal of Assyria trips into Egypt, sacking Thebes on the second but did not gain control. His empire would include Babylonia, Persia, Syria
625 Damascus under Babylonian rule
538 Damascus under Persian rule
332 Hellenistic period, Antioch became capital, not Damascus
333 Alexander the Great conquered Syria
See Alexander
323 Ptolemy I controlled Syria
301 Seleucids ruled Syria

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