6000's Neolithic cultures in Thessaly
5000's Foods from Greece spread to Balkans, Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia then Europe along the Danube
Earliest Neolithic settlement in Crete
4000 High Bronze Age began in Knossos, Crete
3700 Crete established
3100 Minoan civlization in Crete
3000 Indo-European people came south from NW Balkans
Bronze Age in Aegeans with Asian influence
2800 Early Cycladic culture to late ending 1300 BC
Early Helladic culture to late ending 100 BC
2600 bef Thessalian I culture to IV ending in 1200 BC
2500 Early Minoan culture to late ending1100 BC
2300's Hieroglyphics used in Crete
2200 People speaking Greek came from the north with heavy clothes
2000 Citites on Crete were Phaetus and Knossus which had elaborate palaces, storehouses, religious centers. Extensive crafts and trade with Egypt
1700 Mycenae in Peloponnesus destroyed by earthquakes
1600 Crete palaces were destroyed and rebuilt, maybe civil wars. Linear script began
Crete influences moved to Greece at Mycenae, Tiryns, Argos, Sparta, Orchomenus, Athens, creating the Mycenaean culture,  princes who were Greek tribal chiefs adopting the advanced Cretan culture, Achaens.
1500's Mycenaeans took control of Minoa, Crete (1400's?)
1450 Crete Minoan palaces in Knossos were destroyed and rebuilt due to Greek sea lords or civil wars with the Achaens, almost completely destroyed by fire, replaced with Mycenaean civilization
1300 Arcadians had settled in Greece. Acheans in Thessaly invaded by Ionians, Boeotians & Dorians, went to Mycenae, sacked Troy with the Thessalians.
1275 Trojan War (1275 to 1240)
1250 Crete occupied by mainland Achaens
1200-1100 Dorians overan Crete and Greece, bringing the Iron Age and ending the Mycenaean civilization
1000 Greeks had been migrating to Anatolia, settling in three areas:
Aeolians from Thessaly at Gryneium, Cyme, Mytilene on Lesbos, Magnesia on the Hermus
Ionians from Attica and Euboea at Mycale, Phocaea, Colophon, Ephesus. Miletus, and islands of Chios and Samos
Dorians from Peloponnese at Cnidus, Halicarnassus, islands of Cos, Rhodes and Crete
Mycenaean culture (late Helladic)
Iron Age in Greece
900 Monarchies were replaced by aristocracies except in Sparta  A-62
800 bef Elymians from Spain migrated to Sicily whose original occupants were Sicans replaced by Sicels from south ernItaly
800 Homer's writings about Greeks and Troy
Colonization started to combat poor conditions, trade was heavy, slavery increased, King Pheidon of Argos in Lydia introduced a coin to Ionia then Greece
776 First Olympic games, a revival of the legendary games in order to subdue civilian wars
736 First Messenian war, Spartus under King Theopompus conquered Messenia
690 / 696 Kingdom of Phrygia at Gordion, destroyed by Cimmarians by 685 A-63
685 Kingdom of Lydia took Phrygia's place, Gyges founded the Mermnad Dynasty
683 Kingship in Athens abolished, replaced with an annual office A-65
652 Raiding Cimmarians from Russia sacked Sardis and killed Gyges of Lydia
650 Second Messenian war, Sparta crushed rebellion from Aristomenes of Arcadia
640 Miletus founded trading city of Naucratis on the Nile, friends with Egypt
621 Publication of the laws in Athens by Draco
610 Sparta formed the Eunomia military, children from 7 up trained to fight
600's Tyrannies and tyrants active, philosophy began at the Milesian School
600-500 Macedonia was occupied by Thracians (from 2500 BC?)
Joined by Dorians, Eordians, Aegae became the central city
594 Solon became Athen's high officer, assigned to better conditions caused by high interest of 18 percent. He freed all slaves and erased all debts, changed Draco's laws except for homicide, a court of citizens and the right to appeal the magistrates. Not all was perfect. A-65
590 First Sacred War  A-66
585 May 28th: Thales had predicted the eclipse, when appeared, Alyattes King of Lydia and Cyaraxes King of Media stopped fighting and made peace, boundaries at the river Halys.
561 Peisistratus became tyrant of Athens, kicked out, returned, was wealthy from mines in Thrace, succeeded by sons in 527 who ruled to 508 A-66
560 Croesus of Media took Lydian throne
550 King Cyrus of Persia took Media by defeating Astyages
546 Cyrus sacked Sardis, captured Croesus and Ionian cities except Miletus.
546 Sparta took the plains of Argos in The Battle of the 300 Champions, expelled tyrants from Peloponnese
530 Pythagorus of the Pythagorean theorem founds the city of Croton, Greece
520 Cleomenes I fought against Spartan magistrates but lost, legends of his madness and suicide might conceal his assassination by the magistrates
508 Democratic reform in Athens
499 Ionians, Athens revolted against early Persian tyrants, Sparta refused to help
Greeks burned Sardis, Darius I of Persia sacked Miletus, ending the revolution A-67
492 Mardonius of Persia to Athens to punish them for the revolt, subdued Thrace
Returned home after his ships were destroyed in a storm at Mt Athos
490 Persians returned, Eretria fell but Athens won at the Battle of Marathon Sept 12
480 Persians returned under Xerxes with 180,000 men
Persia occupied Attica and destroyed Athens but lost at the Battle of Salamis
479 The Battle of Plataea: Greeks took back most territories
470 Soccrates was born in Athens (469?)
467 Meteorites convince Greeks heavenly bodies were not divine beings after all
464 Third Messenian War
462 Pericles comes to power in Athens, Greece flowers
460 First Peloponnesian War, Persia against the Greeks
460 Democritus born in Thrace, first proposed theory of atoms as the basic particle of all matter
449 Second Sacred War
447 Parthenon is built as temple to goddess Athena in Athens (to 432)
431 Spartans finally defeat Athens in Peloponnesian Wars (to 404)
427 Plato, real name Aristocles, was born
336 Alexander the Great became King of Macedon -  see Alexander

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