7000 BC Neolithic pottery: textiles, figurines, private houses with wall paintings, wooden vessels A-17
6000's Neolithic cultures in Macedonia
2600 Early Bronze Age at Troy and other cities A-17
1900 First Hitittie settlement A-17
1800 - 1700 Anittas, King of Kushshar (Kussar) and his father Pitkhana in Cappadocia defeated Bijustis, King of Hatti and their capital Hattushash A-49
1600/2 Labarnash ruled at Kushshar, queen Tawannannas, son Hattishlish I
1600 Kassiti ? Murshilish I captured Aleppo, ruled north Syria, raided Babylon taking down the first dynasty, moved capital to Hattushah
1500 Telepinush ruled after three usurpers, fixed leadership on heriditary basis
to 1450 Obscure period, probably paid tribute to Egypt
1450 Hittitie Dynasty began, threatend by Mitannis and Kashka
1380 Shubbiliuliu, the greatest Hittitii king took Anatolia, subjected Syria, Artadama held Aleppo and Carchemish of Syria, which later easily went to Shubbiliuliu
He reduced Mitanni to a small kingdom with help from Artadama of Mitanni, a rival of Tuishrata of Mitanni.
Shubbiliuliu and his son died of the plague
1315 Muwatallish, Hittitie king defeated Ramses II on the Orontes 1298, both sides claimed victory A-50
1271 Hattushilish III made treaty with  the Kassites and with Ramses II. Syrian property owned by Hittites recognized as such
Treaties were made to help stave off growing Assyria?
1200's Cimmerians invade, driven from their homeland in Russia by Scythians
1230ish Hittitie kingdom came to an end as a result of the Aegean people invading, leaving the Homeric wars
1000 Kingdom of Phrygians created as they came from Thrace, little else is known
1000 Greeks had been migrating to Anatolia, settling in three areas:
Aeolians from Thessaly at Gryneium, Cyme, Mytilene on Lesbos, Magnesia on the Hermus
Ionians from Attica and Euboea at Mycale, Phocaea, Colophon, Ephesus. Miletus, and islands of Chios and Samos
Dorians from Peloponnese at Cnidus, Halicarnassus, islands of Cos, Rhodes and Crete
715 Phrygian king Midas, or Mita of Mushku ruled
696 Cimmarians devasted the Phrygian dynasty but they survived until 547
670 Gyges (a Lydian) of the Phrygians defeated Cimmerians with Assyria's help
547 Cyrus ended the Phrygian dynasty completely, taking Croeus prisoner
547 Anatolia becomes part of the Persian empire
See Persia
301 The current king Antigonus, died in battle the Ipsus, Anatolia divided between the Ptolomies and the Seleucids
Minor kingdoms in Anatolia at this time were:
Bithyna: occupied by Ziboetes and then given to Rome
Cappadocia: reduced to a province
Pontus: ruled by Mithradates, arch enemy of the Romans
Galatia occupied by 20,000 Celts who invaded Greece with Brennus in 279 and ravaged Anatolia, then confined to this area and called Gauls.
Peragum: independent who defeated Galatia, controlled western Anatolia nd gave his kingdom to Rome

Return to Timeline Main Page